Rosh Hashanah , The Days of Awe, Yom Kippur & Sukkot
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Rosh Hashanah (The Jewish New Year) Sep 10-11, 2018
Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) Sep 19, 2018
Sukkot (Feast of Tabernacles) Sep 24-25, 2018 and Sep 26-30, 2018
These days are the holiest days on God’s calendar – a time of prayer and reflection on all God has done for us, is doing and everything He’s about to do.
These ten days, beginning on Rosh Hashanah, the Feast of Trumpets, and ending on Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, are known as the “10 Days of Awe” – a time to seek God’s presence during His holiest season.
We cannot look at the world around us without acknowledging this is a prophetic moment. What did Jesus say would be the sign of His coming?
Signs in the heavens (Luke 21:25)
Distress among the nations (Luke 21:25)
The seas will roar (Luke 21:25)
Famines, epidemics, earthquakes (Matthew 24:7)
Persecution of Christians (Matthew 24:9)
While Jesus declares we cannot know the day or the hour of His return (Matt. 24:36), we must know the season.
When we inspect them, we find that the fall season of Atonement and Tabernacles is no stranger to turmoil like this:
The greatest terrorist attack ever to impact the homeland of the United States occurred on September 11.
The Great Depression's stock market collapse took place in October of 1929. Global markets around the world crashed in an event known as Black Monday in October 1989.
More hurricanes take place as we approach this prophetic season than at any other time.
All the signs are in place marking the season of Tabernacles! God’s end-time season is upon us …
You may ask, “What do the Hebrew feasts have to do with me? Isn’t it, after all, just another Jewish Holiday?” Absolutely not!
Those of us who are called by His name are admonished that during these High Holy Days, we are to be ever watchful, examining ourselves, always looking for that Blessed Hope – the glorious appearing of the Lord Jesus Christ. Rosh Hashanah is a signal to us that His coming draws ever nearer!
What a blessed opportunity to give to the Lord's end-time work this Holy time of year.
Tishri, the seventh month in the Jewish calendar, contains three major holidays. Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, and Sukkot.
Tishri begins sometime during the last three weeks of September or the first week of October. The first day of Tishri is the Jewish New Year or Rosh Hashanah which means "head of the year." If you read Exodus 12:2, you will discover that the Torah teaches that the month of Nisan when Passover is celebrated, is to be the first month.
How then did the first of Tishri come to be celebrated as New Year's day? Probably because the letters of the words "the first of Tishri" in Hebrew can be rearranged to form the words "in the beginning". This was probably understood as being a hidden indication that the world was created on the first of Tishri, according to a certain method of Rabbinic interpretation, and, therefore, the year begins on this day.
There is a Biblical holiday, however, on this day, the Feast of Trumpets (see Lev. 23:23 and Nu. 29:1- 6).
Rosh Hashanah, also known as Yom ha-Din (Day of Judgement), begins the "Ten Days of Awe" (Yomin Noraim), the "Ten Days of Turning or Repentance" or "the High Holy Days" which conclude with Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement. During this period, it is customary to greet one another with the phrase, "L'Shanah Tovah Tikateyvu" meaning "May you be inscribed in the Book of Life."
This holiday is both solemn and joyous since it is both the Day of Repentance or Day of Judgement and the birthday of the world. It is celebrated for two days. On the first day, some Orthodox Jews practice a custom called "tashlich", which involves going to a body of water and emptying one's pockets or casting bread crumbs into the water. This is symbolic of Micah 7:19, "And you will cast all our sins into the depths of the sea." A family meal is celebrated which includes honey cake, wine, and apples dipped in honey to symbolize hope for a sweet and happy year. On the second night, a fruit not yet eaten that season is served. Hallah bread, in a round loaf, symbolizing a crown, is another traditional food.
In the synagogue, the major focuses are introspection and repentance. It is a time for recognizing one's sins and turning from them. The blowing of the shofar (trumpet) is a central feature and calls the worshippers to turn to God. It also announces that a great event is about to take place. Genesis 22, which tells of God's command to Abraham to sacrifice his son Isaac, is read on the second day.
The Biblical holiday of the Feast of Trumpets is described most fully in Numbers 29:1-6. The central elements are the number 7 (7th month, 7 male lambs offered), the abstaining from regular work, the sounding of the ram's horn trumpets, various burnt offerings, and the sin offering of one male goat to make atonement for sin.
Notice that this holiday, which focuses on sin and repentance, is followed by the Day of Atonement or Yom Kippur on the 10th of Tishri, and then Sukkot or the Feast of Booths on the 15th of the month, which focuses on God's providential care of his people. We must acknowledge our sin, repent and receive God's atonement for sin before we can experience God's providential care over our lives.
The New Covenant Fulfillment Rosh Hashanah
God has provided the ultimate Sabbath rest through Jesus the Messiah. We can rest from our own efforts to be accepted by God. Our own good works cannot save us, as even the traditional Jewish song from the liturgy, Avinu Malkeynu says: "We have no good works of our own; deal with us in mercy and kindness and save us." Messiah is our sin offering. If we recognize our sin, turn away from it, and return to God in faith, we can be sure our names are inscribed in the Book of Life (Phil. 4:3 and Rev. 3:5). The ultimate Day of Judgment of sin will come. Jesus' death demonstrated that sin must be judged. He received the judgement in our place. His resurrection shows that God has appointed Him the Judge (see John 5:21-27; 12:31; and Acts 17:31).
The Ultimate Day of Judgement will come when the trumpet shall sound and Jesus the Messiah returns to judge the earth (I Thess. 4:16; I Cor. 15:52). He will preside over the heavenly court. We are called to repent and celebrate the New Creation that has begun in the Messiah (2 Cor. 5:17; Romans 5:12-19; and I Cor. 15:45) and will come in fullness when he returns (Romans 9:19-22).